Congratulations to Saint Kitts and Nevis for being the first CCM State Party to submit its annual transparency report in 2021! Saint Kitts has been leading by example in fulfilling its Article 7 obligation by achieving first place 3 out of the 4 times annual report early bird medals have been awarded (and still achieving third place last year).
States Parties are required by the Convention to submit their 2020 annual transparency report before the due date of 30 April 2021. The report covers the previous calendar year (1 January to 31 December 2020) and should be sent to the UN Secretary-General, via the Office for Disarmament Affairs at firstname.lastname@example.org. The ISU would also appreciate a copy of the submitted report at email@example.com.
To facilitate reporting, States Parties are recommended to use the reporting template, which is available in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese and Russian.
On 7 December 2020, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the Resolution on the “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions” by 147 votes in favour, none against and 38 abstentions. A vote on the preambular paragraph 14 of the Resolution was carried out, with a recorded vote of 154 in favour, none against and 19 abstentions.
For more information on the 2020 CCM resolution, here is the dedicated webpage. The adopted resolution will be uploaded onto the webpage as soon as it is available.
On 3 December 2008, the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) was opened for signature in Oslo, Norway. During the signing ceremony, 94 States signed the treaty, 4 of which (the Holy See, Ireland, Norway and Sierra Leone) also submitted their instruments of ratification immediately.
The United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, in his message to the signing event stated that the CCM “marks a major step forward in global efforts to protect civilians and control the noxious spread of deadly, inhumane weapons”.
Since the Convention’s entry into force on 1 August 2010, just over 10 years ago, around 1.5 million cluster munitions containing 178 million submunitions have been destroyed by States Parties and more than 500 square kilometres have been cleared of cluster munition remnants and released for productive use.
Risk education is conducted to ensure awareness among civilians living in or around cluster munition contaminated areas of the risks posed by such remnants. Furthermore, States Parties with cluster munition victims provide long-term assistance to survivors, families of victims and affected communities.
At the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA 75), the Disarmament and International Security Committee or First Committee approved the draft resolution “Implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions” (document A/C.1/75/L.43) by a vote of 137 in favour to none against, with 39 abstentions. A separate vote on the preambular paragraph 14 of the resolution yielded a vote of 144 in favour to none against, with 19 abstentions.
It is noteworthy that for the first time since 2015, the draft CCM resolution was approved with no vote against it, reflecting the continuing universal support for the humanitarian imperative and concerns caused by cluster munitions. The resolution urges all States that have not yet done so “to join as soon as possible”.
A final vote at the UNGA to adopt the resolution will take place in December 2020.
Click here for more information on the resolution.
Utilisation d’armes à sous-munitions dans le conflit du Haut-Karabakh
La Suisse, en tant que Présidente de la Convention sur les armes à sous-munitions (CCM), est vivement préoccupée par les allégations d’utilisation d’armes à sous-munitions dans le conflit du Haut-Karabakh. Elle appelle les parties à tout conflit à respecter pleinement le droit international humanitaire et à s’abstenir d’employer les armes à sous-munitions, qui frappent sans distinction et ont un impact disproportionné sur les civils et les biens civils.
La Suisse regrette que 10 ans après l’entrée en vigueur de la Convention, les armes à sous-munitions continuent d’être utilisées. Préoccupée par leur impact humanitaire, elle condamne tout recours à ces armes, par quelque acteur que ce soit. Elle encourage tous les États ne l’ayant pas encore fait à adhérer à la Convention.
Use of cluster munitions in Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
Switzerland, as the President of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), is deeply concerned about reports on the alleged use of cluster munitions in the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. Switzerland calls on parties to any conflict to fully respect the international humanitarian law and refrain from using cluster munitions, as they are indiscriminate and have a disproportionate impact on civilians and civilian objects.
Switzerland regrets that 10 years after the entry into force of the Convention, cluster munitions are still used. Concerned by their humanitarian impact, she condemns any use of cluster munitions, by any actor. Switzerland encourages all States which have not yet done so to join the Convention.
Congratulations to the government of St. Lucia on its accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) thereby becoming the Convention’s 110th State Party.
St. Lucia deposited its instrument of accession with the United Nations in New York on 15 September 2020.
In accordance with CCM Article 17(2), the Convention will enter into force for St. Lucia on 1 March 2021.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions warmly welcomes St. Lucia to the CCM community and looks forward to closely collaborating with it to achieve full implementation of the Convention.
With the accession of St. Lucia, membership of CARICOM states to the CCM has increased to nine of the fifteen-member community. The remaining CARICOM states that are yet to ratify or accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions are encouraged to join the Convention in the very near future.
The Government of Niue, has today 6 August 2020, deposited its instrument of accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at the United Nations in New York making it CCM State Party No. 109. The Convention will enter into force for the Pacific Island state on 1 February 2021 in accordance with Article 17.2. Niue becomes the second state to join the Convention in 2020.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions on behalf of the CCM community welcomes Niue and extends its heartfelt congratulations to its newest member.
The accession of Niue brings the CCM closer to achieving its goal of 130 States Parties by the Second Review Conference (2RC) of the Convention to be held in November 2020.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (ISU-CCM) is pleased to announce that Montenegro as a State Party to the CCM has declared fulfillment of its obligation under article 4 of the Convention pertaining to clearance and destruction of Cluster Munitions.
Hearty congratulations to the Government of Montenegro for its dedication to implementing its CCM Article 4 obligations before the stipulated deadline of 1 August 2020. With every cluster munition remnant cleared and destroyed, the world becomes a much safer place and ensures that there will not be another victim of these indiscriminate weapon. This date is significant as it marks 10 years since the Convention entered into force.
As the Convention commemorates the 10th anniversary of its entry into force on 1 August 2020, there remain 10 States Parties with obligations to fulfil under Article 4.
This outstanding achievement comes as the first clearance deadlines under Article 4 of the Convention fall due on 1 August 2020 and is cause for great celebration and will continue to be celebrated by the CCM community at the upcoming 2RC.
The Republic of Croatia has today informed the Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (ISU-CCM) that on 10 July 2020 it completed the clearance of cluster munition remnants (CMR) in all contaminated areas under its jurisdiction or control in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Convention. The deadline for Croatia to meet this obligation was 1 August 2020. This is a significant date in the life of the Convention on Cluster Munitions as it marks 10 years since it entered into force.
The ISU congratulates Croatia for this notable accomplishment and commends its commitment to ridding the world of the threat posed by remnants of cluster munitions. CMR clearance is one of the key obligations under the Convention that is vital in ensuring that soon there will be no more victims of this indiscriminate weapon.
With this declaration there now remain 11 States Parties with obligations under Article 4 of the Convention.
In commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), H.E. Ms. Simonetta Sommaruga, President of the Swiss Confederation and Mr. Peter Maurer, President of the ICRC, have written a joint article underlining the importance of the Convention titled «Treacherous weapons that still kill 10 years after a convention to ban them».
The article was also published in today’s edition of the following newspapers: