The Government of Niue, has today 6 August 2020, deposited its instrument of accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at the United Nations in New York making it CCM State Party No. 109. The Convention will enter into force for the Pacific Island state on 1 February 2021 in accordance with Article 17.2. Niue becomes the second state to join the Convention in 2020.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions on behalf of the CCM community welcomes Niue and extends its heartfelt congratulations to its newest member.
The accession of Niue brings the CCM closer to achieving its goal of 130 States Parties by the Second Review Conference (2RC) of the Convention to be held in November 2020.
10th anniversary of the CCM’s entry into force
1 August 2020 marks 10 years since the Convention on Cluster Munitions entered into force. Click here for an overview of achievements of the Convention to date.
Second Preparatory Meeting for the 2RC
4 September 2020
Second Review Conference (2RC)
23-27 November 2020
Click here for more information on the Conference and its two Preparatory Meetings.
What is the Convention on Cluster Munitions?
The Convention on Cluster Munitions is a humanitarian imperative-driven legal instrument which prohibits all use, production, transfer and stockpiling of cluster munitions. In addition, it establishes a framework for cooperation and assistance to ensure adequate assistance to survivors and their communities, clearance of contaminated areas, risk reduction education and destruction of stockpiles.
By ratifying or acceding to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, States Parties commit to never use, produce, stockpile or transfer cluster munitions. Furthermore States Parties commit to destroy existing stockpiles in eight years; clear contaminated land in ten years; assist victims; provide technical, material and financial assistance to other States Parties; undertake transparency measures; adopt national implementation measures; and promote universal adherence to the Convention.
Cluster munitions are unacceptable for two reasons. Firstly, they have wide area effects and are unable to distinguish between civilians and combatants. Secondly, the use of cluster munitions leave behind large numbers of dangerous unexploded ordnance. Such remnants kill and injure civilians, obstruct economic and social development, and have other severe consequences that persist for years and decades after use.
How many States joined the Convention?
Adopted on 30 May 2008 in Dublin, Ireland and signed on 3-4 December 2008 in Oslo, Norway, the Convention on Cluster Munitions entered into force on 1 August 2010. To date 122 states have committed to the goals of the Convention, of which 109 have become States Parties and 13 are Signatories.
Five-year road map (2015-2020)
To guide States Parties effectively implement the provisions of the Convention on Cluster Munitions from the First to the Second Review Conference, States Parties adopted a five-year roadmap called the Dubrovnik Action Plan (DAP).
Reporting on progress and challenges
In accordance with Article 7 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, States Parties have the obligation to report on the status of their treaty implementation through an initial transparency report and annual reports thereafter. Transparency reports submitted by States Parties can be found here.
Download the Convention on Cluster Munitions brochure.