What does the Convention say?
Article 7 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions requires that States Parties report on their implementation of obligations under the Convention.
States Parties are obliged to report on types, numbers and characteristics of cluster munitions within their jurisdiction and control, as well as progress on stockpile destruction. States Parties must also report on cluster munition contaminated areas, as well as plans and progress for clearance. Furthermore, States Parties are asked to account for their programmes of risk reduction education and assistance to victims of cluster munitions. Finally, the States Parties have to present and justify national resources allocated to the implementation of the Convention, as well as assistance provided through Article 6 of the Convention.
The first report shall be submitted to the Secretary-General of the UN no later than 180 days after entry into force of the Convention for each State Party. Subsequent updates shall be provided annually by 30 April of each year. Annual reports cover progress made during the calendar year (January to December). Report templates are available in all 6 UN languages here.
To date, 13 States Parties have overdue Initial Transparency Reports:
|Benin, Cape Verde, Comoros, Congo, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iceland, Madagascar, Rwanda, Somalia, Togo, and Tunisia.|
The UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) collects and publishes the transparency reports here.
In terms of transparency measures, the Dubrovnik Action Plan encourages States Parties to:
- Report in time, initially and annually;
- Make practical use of reporting.
By the Second Review Conference in 2020, these efforts should result in:
- An increase in the rate of submissions of transparency reports provided under Art.7;
- Improved quality in reporting;
- Increased exchange of information of good and cost effective reporting practices;
- Increased use of the reporting guide that reflects the actual need for qualitative information and represents a useful tool for States Parties to submit initial reports and annual updates.