What does the Convention say?
All States Parties must destroy all stockpiles of cluster munitions under their jurisdiction and control as soon as possible but no later than 8 years after the Convention enters into force for the State Party. Should States Parties need additional time to destroy cluster munition stockpiles, an extension request must be submitted and extensions for a period of up to four years may be granted.
Action 2.4 of the DAP requires States Parties to make an official declaration of compliance with Article 3 obligations to Meeting of States Parties or Review Conferences of the Convention and in annual submissions of transparency reports under Article 7.
The Convention’s Article 3.6 allows for the retention of a limited number of cluster munitions and submunitions for the development of and the training in cluster munition and explosive submunition detection, clearance or destruction techniques, or for the development of cluster munition counter-measures. It requires detailed annual reporting on the retained munitions.
Current state of play
The first deadlines for States Parties with stockpile destruction obligations were in 2018 and 2019. To date, 2 States Parties have requested for an extension of their deadlines under Article 3.
Based on information provided through Transparency Reports provided by States Parties, there are currently 5 States Parties with obligations under Article 3.
According to transparency reports submitted, 99% of the total global cluster munitions stocks declared by States Parties have been destroyed.
In terms of stockpile destruction, the Dubrovnik Action Plan encourages States Parties with stockpile destruction obligations to:
- Develop a resourced plan;
- Increase exchanges of promising practices;
- Apply an appropriate approach to retention;
- Announce declaration of compliance;
- Act upon any unexpected developments.
By the Second Review Conference in 2020, these efforts should result in:
- An increased number of States Parties that finished stockpile destruction
Increased levels of reporting on matters pertaining to Article 3 implementation,
including information on the amount and planned use of sub-munitions retained;
- Increased information exchange of information of good and cost effective stockpile destruction practices including on safety, environmental impact and efficiency.