What does the Convention say?
Article 6 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions states that “Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide technical, material and financial assistance to State Parties affected by cluster munitions, aimed at the implementation of the obligations of this Convention.”
Assistance can be given to ensure clearance, stockpile destruction, victim assistance and risk education, economic and social recovery of affected State Parties as well as to determine the nature and extent of the challenges each affected State Party faces.
Article 6 also promotes the exchange of equipment, and scientific and technical information, as well as good practices and others forms of mutual assistance (technical, material, and financial).
To guide States Parties effectively implement the Convention during the period 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2020, at the September 2015 First Review Conference of States Parties to the Convention, States agreed to the five-year Dubrovnik Action Plan. The Dubrovnik Action Plan elaborates the priorities established by the States Parties through the various actions to be undertaken and the expected key results to be derived from these actions.
In terms of international cooperation and assistance, the Dubrovnik Action Plan encourages States Parties to:
- Strengthen partnerships at all levels;
- Communicate challenges and seek assistance;
- Evidence base needs for better results;
- Take ownership;
- Respond constructively to request for assistance;
- Make use of existing tools, cost efficiency and effectiveness;
- Support implementation support.
By the Second Review Conference in 2020, these efforts should result in:
- A decrease in the number of new victims and a better quality of life for victims;
- An increased number of States Parties that finish stockpile destruction in advance of their eight-year deadlines;
- A better targeting of scarce resources;
- Increased technical and material assistance, transfer of skills and good practices;
- Increased and improved reporting on challenges and needs for assistance;
- An increase of multi-year partnerships for cooperation including multi-year funding arrangements;
- An increase in the exchange of information of good and cost effective clearance and stockpile destruction practices including on safety, environmental impact and efficiency;
- An increase in cooperation and assistance for victim assistance programming, with the aim to ensure that victims can participate in all aspects of life on an equal basis.