The Government of Niue, has today 6 August 2020, deposited its instrument of accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at the United Nations in New York making it CCM State Party No. 109. The Convention will enter into force for the Pacific Island state on 1 February 2021 in accordance with Article 17.2. Niue becomes the second state to join the Convention in 2020.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions on behalf of the CCM community welcomes Niue and extends its heartfelt congratulations to its newest member.
The accession of Niue brings the CCM closer to achieving its goal of 130 States Parties by the Second Review Conference (2RC) of the Convention to be held in November 2020.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (ISU-CCM) is pleased to announce that Montenegro as a State Party to the CCM has declared fulfillment of its obligation under article 4 of the Convention pertaining to clearance and destruction of Cluster Munitions.
Hearty congratulations to the Government of Montenegro for its dedication to implementing its CCM Article 4 obligations before the stipulated deadline of 1 August 2020. With every cluster munition remnant cleared and destroyed, the world becomes a much safer place and ensures that there will not be another victim of these indiscriminate weapon. This date is significant as it marks 10 years since the Convention entered into force.
As the Convention commemorates the 10th anniversary of its entry into force on 1 August 2020, there remain 10 States Parties with obligations to fulfil under Article 4.
This outstanding achievement comes as the first clearance deadlines under Article 4 of the Convention fall due on 1 August 2020 and is cause for great celebration and will continue to be celebrated by the CCM community at the upcoming 2RC.
The Republic of Croatia has today informed the Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (ISU-CCM) that on 10 July 2020 it completed the clearance of cluster munition remnants (CMR) in all contaminated areas under its jurisdiction or control in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Convention. The deadline for Croatia to meet this obligation was 1 August 2020. This is a significant date in the life of the Convention on Cluster Munitions as it marks 10 years since it entered into force.
The ISU congratulates Croatia for this notable accomplishment and commends its commitment to ridding the world of the threat posed by remnants of cluster munitions. CMR clearance is one of the key obligations under the Convention that is vital in ensuring that soon there will be no more victims of this indiscriminate weapon.
With this declaration there now remain 11 States Parties with obligations under Article 4 of the Convention.
In commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), H.E. Ms. Simonetta Sommaruga, President of the Swiss Confederation and Mr. Peter Maurer, President of the ICRC, have written a joint article underlining the importance of the Convention titled «Treacherous weapons that still kill 10 years after a convention to ban them».
The article was also published in today’s edition of the following newspapers:
On 9 July 2020, H.E. Ichiro Ogasawara, Permanent Representative of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament, paid a courtesy call on the ISU Director, Ms. Sheila N. Mweemba, to present a letter notifying of Japan’s financial contribution towards the 2020 ISU annual budget. During the visit, Ambassador Ogasawara reiterated Japan’s unwavering support in advancing the norms of the Convention. He was accompanied by Colonel Jun Yamada, First Secretary and Defense Attaché of the Delegation of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament. Japan was among the earliest States to sign and ratify the CCM and destroyed all its cluster munition stockpiles ahead of its initial treaty deadline. Japan has also enacted legislation to enforce the CCM domestically and has previously served as Coordinator on Universalization on the CCM Coordination Committee.
After the meeting, the Ambassador took the opportunity to have a photo taken with the CCM ISU Director and the ISU Director of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, Mr. Juan Carlos Ruan.
President of the CCM 2nd Review Conference (2RC), H.E. Mr. Félix Baumann, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Switzerland to the Conference on Disarmament, hosted an informal virtual briefing on 8 June 2020 to update the CCM community on the process towards the Review Conference.
Ambassador Baumann informed that the First Preparatory Meeting would be an all-day meeting potentially on 29 June 2020 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva. In consideration of Swiss national guidelines on gathering and travel restrictions related to the COVID-19 situation, the First Preparatory Meeting of the 2RC that was scheduled for 8 June 2020 had to be postponed to a later date. A silence procedure to confirm the new date will be held this week. In keeping with national safety measures, options on the nature of this meeting were still being considered and would likely permit only one person per delegation or entity to attend the First Preparatory Meeting physically. To optimize inclusivity and productivity, the Meeting would be webcast for the benefit of those delegation members unable to be present in the conference room. Interpretation services in all six UN languages would also be made available for all participants.
During the briefing, the President provided an update on the three main documents of the 2RC: the Review Document, the Lausanne Action Plan (LAP) and the Political Declaration. He reminded that the first draft of the Review Document had already been circulated and that the numerous comments received on the Document were being incorporated. A revised version would be shared at a later date. A zero draft of the LAP was being developed by the presidency taking into consideration the comments provided by the CCM community and would serve as a basis for discussion at the First Preparatory Meeting. As the LAP will be a crucial tool for CCM implementation for the next five years, consultations on it would continue to be held up to the Second Preparatory Meeting scheduled for 4 September 2020. Elements of the Political Declaration would be presented ahead of the Second Preparatory Meeting for a substantial discussion during that Meeting. The three documents will be presented at the 2RC for adoption by CCM States Parties.
The First Preparatory Meeting would also start to consider institutional matters concerning the machinery of the Convention, implementation support and its financing as well as the financing of the Convention. The President assured that the Programme of Work would be circulated as soon as possible.
Ambassador Baumann was pleased to announce that the 2RC would be convened at the SwissTech Convention Center from 23 to 27 November 2020 in Lausanne, Switzerland. He stated that the presidency, in partnership with the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), would launch a public photo exhibition in August to showcase the impact of cluster munitions. The exhibition would take place in several cities around Switzerland.
On 30 May 2008, the final draft of the Convention on Cluster Munitions was adopted by 107 States in Dublin, Ireland. The following is a summary of the achievements of the Convention to date:
The second Quarterly Newsletter on the CCM is now out in both English and Arabic. Click here to read the highlights of April to June 2020.
Under Article 3 of the CCM, Peru has an obligation to complete the destruction of all its stockpiled cluster munitions under its jurisdiction and control by 1 March 2021, eight years after the Convention entered into force for it. On 6 January 2020, Peru sent official communication to inform of its inability to complete the destruction process by this deadline and its intention to requesting for an extension.
Several factors have delayed Peru’s compliance with its obligations. In this regard, the Peruvian authorities invited the ISU Director, Ms. Sheila N. Mweemba, for an in-country visit to assess and provide guidance in the preparation of its deadline extension request. In accepting the invitation, the ISU Director participated in a Workshop in Lima, Peru, from 25 – 27 February 2020 to review and improve on the extension request workplan that accounts for the stockpile destruction work during the extension period. The Workshop was also attended by representatives from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defence, the Peruvian Air Force and implementing partners Norwegian Peoples Aid (NPA).
While in Peru, the ISU Director also paid courtesy calls on the Vice Minister of Resources for Defense, Lieutenant General Javier Enrique Ramírez Guillén (pictured below), and Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Luis Enrique Chávez Basagoitia.
The 2RC President, Ambassador Félix Baumann, was invited to brief the Permanent Delegation of the African Union in Geneva on the CCM. The meeting that was held on 19 February 2020 at an Ambassadorial level served to provide information on the Convention and its implementation to African State representatives. The President highlighted his priorities for the year especially regarding further universalization of the Convention on the continent which still had 9 signatory States and 11 States not Party. He also mentioned specific activities to be undertaken during the year that would be in line with the AU’s theme of the year “Silencing the Guns”, an initiative that is part of the AU Agenda 2063 and whose aim is to end all conflicts on the continent by 2020.
The ISU Director, Ms. Sheila N. Mweemba, also accompanied the President to the meeting.