1 August 2020 marks 10 years since the Convention on Cluster Munitions entered into force, six months after it was ratified by 30 States. Since its entry into force, States Parties have been implementing the Convention according to the guidance and goals of the Vientiane Action Plan (2010-2015) and the Dubrovnik Action Plan (2015-2020).
The following provides a summary of the achievements of the Convention to date under each action as outlined by both Action Plans.
States Parties: 109
Signatory States: 13
States not party: 75
Stockpile destruction (Article 3)
Number of States Parties reporting obligations (41):-
- Completed stockpile destruction: 36
- With current obligations: 5
- 99% of the total global cluster munitions stocks declared by States Parties have been destroyed.
The first deadlines for States Parties with stockpile destruction obligations were in 2018 and to date only 2 States Parties have requested for an extension of their initial deadlines under Article 3.
Click here for an overview of stockpile destruction completion and deadlines.
Clearance and risk reduction education (Article 4)
Number of States Parties reporting obligations (17):-
- Completed clearance of contaminated land: 7
- With current obligations: 10
Over 500 square kilometres of cluster munition contaminated land has been cleared. The first deadlines of States Parties with clearance obligations are in 2020. 4 States Parties have requested for an extension of their deadlines under Article 4.
Victim assistance (Article 5)
Currently, 11 States Parties have obligations under Article 5, all of which have designated a national focal point to coordinate assistance to cluster munition victims. During the past 10 years, there has been increased efforts in working across conventional weapons treaties (CCM, APMBC and CCW) in promoting an integrated approach to victim assistance. The Guidance on an Integrated Approach to Victim Assistance was published in 2016.
International cooperation and assistance (Article 6)
In 2017, the Country Coalitions concept was adopted by States Parties to the Convention as a means to enhance international cooperation. To date, 3 country coalitions (1 in Africa, 1 in the Middle East and 1 in Europe) have been established. Two of these partnerships resulted in the affected State Party complying with Convention obligations within the stipulated deadline.
Transparency measures (Article 7)
To date 99 out of 106 States Parties that should have submitted their initial reports have done so. Annual reporting rates have been steady at an average of 75% compliance over the last ten years.
Click here for the UNODA database of Article 7 reports.
National implementation measures (Article 9)
The number of States Parties that have reported to:
- Have undertaken appropriate national legal measures to include penal sanctions: 62
- Have enacted national law prohibiting investments in cluster munitions: 12
- Be in the process of reviewing or adopting national legislation to implement the CCM: 23
- Have undertaken administrative and other (non-legal) measures in place to implement the CCM domestically: 53