Stockpile destruction

What does the Convention say?

Articles 1 and 3 of the Convention of Cluster Munitions outline the scope and application of the Convention and its provisions on stockpile destruction.

All States Parties must destroy all stockpiles of cluster munitions under their jurisdiction and control as soon as possible but no later than eight (8) years after the Convention enters into force for the State Party. Should States Parties need additional time to destroy cluster munition stockpiles, a request must be submitted and extensions for a period of up to four years may be granted.

The Convention’s Art. 3.6 allows for the retention of a limited number of cluster munitions and submunitions for the development of and the training in cluster munition and explosive submunition detection, clearance or destruction techniques, or for the development of cluster munition counter-measures. It requires detailed annual reporting on the retained munitions.

The first deadlines for States Parties with stockpile destruction obligations are in 2018 and 2019. Based on information provided through Transparency Reports provided by States Parties, there are currently 10 States Parties with obligations under article 3.

What next?

In terms of stockpile destruction, the Dubrovnik Action Plan encourages States Parties with stockpile destruction obligations to:

  • Develop a resourced plan;
  • Increase exchanges of promising practices;
  • Apply an appropriate approach to retention;
  • Announce declaration of compliance;
  • Act upon any unexpected developments.

By the Second Review Conference in 2020, these efforts should result in:

  • An increased number of States Parties that finished stockpile destruction
    Increased levels of reporting on matters pertaining to Article 3 implementation,
    including information on the amount and planned use of sub-munitions retained;
  • Increased information exchange of information of good and cost effective stockpile destruction practices including on safety, environmental impact and efficiency.