The Government of Niue, has today 6 August 2020, deposited its instrument of accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at the United Nations in New York making it CCM State Party No. 109. The Convention will enter into force for the Pacific Island state on 1 February 2021 in accordance with Article 17.2. Niue becomes the second state to join the Convention in 2020.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions on behalf of the CCM community welcomes Niue and extends its heartfelt congratulations to its newest member.
The accession of Niue brings the CCM closer to achieving its goal of 130 States Parties by the Second Review Conference (2RC) of the Convention to be held in November 2020.
The Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (ISU-CCM) is pleased to announce that Montenegro as a State Party to the CCM has declared fulfillment of its obligation under article 4 of the Convention pertaining to clearance and destruction of Cluster Munitions.
Hearty congratulations to the Government of Montenegro for its dedication to implementing its CCM Article 4 obligations before the stipulated deadline of 1 August 2020. With every cluster munition remnant cleared and destroyed, the world becomes a much safer place and ensures that there will not be another victim of these indiscriminate weapon. This date is significant as it marks 10 years since the Convention entered into force.
As the Convention commemorates the 10th anniversary of its entry into force on 1 August 2020, there remain 10 States Parties with obligations to fulfil under Article 4.
This outstanding achievement comes as the first clearance deadlines under Article 4 of the Convention fall due on 1 August 2020 and is cause for great celebration and will continue to be celebrated by the CCM community at the upcoming 2RC.
The Republic of Croatia has today informed the Implementation Support Unit of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (ISU-CCM) that on 10 July 2020 it completed the clearance of cluster munition remnants (CMR) in all contaminated areas under its jurisdiction or control in accordance with the provisions of Article 4 of the Convention. The deadline for Croatia to meet this obligation was 1 August 2020. This is a significant date in the life of the Convention on Cluster Munitions as it marks 10 years since it entered into force.
The ISU congratulates Croatia for this notable accomplishment and commends its commitment to ridding the world of the threat posed by remnants of cluster munitions. CMR clearance is one of the key obligations under the Convention that is vital in ensuring that soon there will be no more victims of this indiscriminate weapon.
With this declaration there now remain 11 States Parties with obligations under Article 4 of the Convention.
In commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the entry into force of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), H.E. Ms. Simonetta Sommaruga, President of the Swiss Confederation and Mr. Peter Maurer, President of the ICRC, have written a joint article underlining the importance of the Convention titled «Treacherous weapons that still kill 10 years after a convention to ban them».
The article was also published in today’s edition of the following newspapers:
On 9 July 2020, H.E. Ichiro Ogasawara, Permanent Representative of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament, paid a courtesy call on the ISU Director, Ms. Sheila N. Mweemba, to present a letter notifying of Japan’s financial contribution towards the 2020 ISU annual budget. During the visit, Ambassador Ogasawara reiterated Japan’s unwavering support in advancing the norms of the Convention. He was accompanied by Colonel Jun Yamada, First Secretary and Defense Attaché of the Delegation of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament. Japan was among the earliest States to sign and ratify the CCM and destroyed all its cluster munition stockpiles ahead of its initial treaty deadline. Japan has also enacted legislation to enforce the CCM domestically and has previously served as Coordinator on Universalization on the CCM Coordination Committee.
After the meeting, the Ambassador took the opportunity to have a photo taken with the CCM ISU Director and the ISU Director of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, Mr. Juan Carlos Ruan.
On 30 May 2008, the final draft of the Convention on Cluster Munitions was adopted by 107 States in Dublin, Ireland. The following is a summary of the achievements of the Convention to date:
The second Quarterly Newsletter on the CCM is now out in both English and Arabic. Click here to read the highlights of April to June 2020.
Under Article 3 of the CCM, Peru has an obligation to complete the destruction of all its stockpiled cluster munitions under its jurisdiction and control by 1 March 2021, eight years after the Convention entered into force for it. On 6 January 2020, Peru sent official communication to inform of its inability to complete the destruction process by this deadline and its intention to requesting for an extension.
Several factors have delayed Peru’s compliance with its obligations. In this regard, the Peruvian authorities invited the ISU Director, Ms. Sheila N. Mweemba, for an in-country visit to assess and provide guidance in the preparation of its deadline extension request. In accepting the invitation, the ISU Director participated in a Workshop in Lima, Peru, from 25 – 27 February 2020 to review and improve on the extension request workplan that accounts for the stockpile destruction work during the extension period. The Workshop was also attended by representatives from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Defence, the Peruvian Air Force and implementing partners Norwegian Peoples Aid (NPA).
While in Peru, the ISU Director also paid courtesy calls on the Vice Minister of Resources for Defense, Lieutenant General Javier Enrique Ramírez Guillén (pictured below), and Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Luis Enrique Chávez Basagoitia.
The 2RC President, Ambassador Félix Baumann, was invited to brief the Permanent Delegation of the African Union in Geneva on the CCM. The meeting that was held on 19 February 2020 at an Ambassadorial level served to provide information on the Convention and its implementation to African State representatives. The President highlighted his priorities for the year especially regarding further universalization of the Convention on the continent which still had 9 signatory States and 11 States not Party. He also mentioned specific activities to be undertaken during the year that would be in line with the AU’s theme of the year “Silencing the Guns”, an initiative that is part of the AU Agenda 2063 and whose aim is to end all conflicts on the continent by 2020.
The ISU Director, Ms. Sheila N. Mweemba, also accompanied the President to the meeting.
President of the 2nd Review Conference (2RC) of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, H.E. Mr. Félix Baumann, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Switzerland to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, with the support of the Implementation Support Unit (ISU), organized a closed meeting in the margins of the 23rd International Meeting of National Mine Action Programme Directors and UN Advisers (NDM-UN 23) on 14 February 2020 at the Palais des Nations. The aim of the side event was to provide a platform for Signatory States and States not Party to the CCM to discuss challenges and possible solutions to joining the Convention in the lead up to the 2RC.
Ambassador Baumann who moderated the meeting delivered the welcoming remarks wherein he highlighted the importance of advancing the implementation of the provisions of the Convention. The President also gave an outline of the Swiss presidency’s objective and strategy to promote CCM universalization in the lead up to the 2RC. This was followed by presentations by the panellists which included the ISU Director, Ms. Sheila N. Mweemba, Ms. Diana Prado of the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC), and Ms. Wen Zhou of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). A lively exchange ensued among the participants on obstacles countries were facing in ratifying or acceding to the Convention as well as ideas on enhancing its universalization. The event gathered 19 participants from 7 CCM member states and 6 non-member states.
To date, 121 States have committed to the goals of the CCM, 108 as States Parties and 13 signatories. The Dubrovnik Action Plan adopted in 2015 outlined the Convention’s aim to achieve 130 States Parties by the 2RC that is scheduled to take place in November 2020.